Prefacing note: In this article, the words Elohim and God are used interchangeably. God is the English translation of the Hebrew word Elohim. They are titles, not names. YHWH is a common way that God’s personal name (hwhy) is rendered in English. It has been replaced in many bibles with the word LORD. Today there are endless arguments on the correct pronunciation of this name. That is why it is being typed without vowels. His personal name is not used in the Bible until God creates the person of Adam, places him in the garden, and deals with Adam personally.
Additional note: There is a hypothesis presented in this article, which is probably unlike anything you’ve heard before. It may be very difficult to consider if you are not able/willing to discard previous, long-held, teachings.
It seems natural to begin elaborating on Elohim’s Work Week (days of creation) with day 1, but this article is focused on day 7. I want to focus on God’s Sabbath because it’s unlikely that anyone has yet instructed you on what to think about the length of THIS day. You will be more willing to accept a different idea regarding God’s Sabbath than you will on the other days (of HIS creative week) that you may have been previously “instructed” on.
First, let’s consider the meaning of the Hebrew word Shabbat (שַׁבָּת), translated into English as Sabbath; it means to cease or rest. Shabbat is closely connected to the number seven (Sheba שֶׁבַע ). As you can see they share the same two letter root, bv (reading right to left). There’s a connection between these two Hebrew words; it’s as if the English word rest was written as “sevened”. It would be like saying, “Joe sevened from his work because it was the seventh day.” In Hebrew, one can not read or say the word for rest (Shabbat) without thinking of the word for seven (Sheba). The two are closely tied together. In Gen 2:3 we see that Elohim “sanctified” (set apart) the seventh day, so the Sabbath was severed from the rest of the week. Interestingly (perhaps just coincidentally) the English words seven and sever differ by only one letter. In English then, we could say, God severed the seventh day from the work week when He set it apart (sanctified it).
We know that the Bible says Elohim rested on the seventh day, and the Hebrew words for rest and seven share the same root. Now let’s ask some questions…
What did Elohim rest from on the Sabbath?
When did Elohim begin this rest?
What would we expect to continue on “day 1” of the following week?
Has this rest been interrupted?
Has the rest day ended yet?
Elohim rested from preparing the Earth, creating on the earth, and commanding the seas, sky and land to be filled. He rested from his occupation as a creator.
Most Bible interpreters believe Elohim rested after creating Eve, but that is actually not when the Bible says the rest day began. It says that rest began, after seeing things were “very good”, at the end of the sixth day (Gen 1:31, 2:1-3). It is very likely this was before the planting of the garden in Eden. Before the Adam and Eve of Genesis chapter 2 were created (more on this later).
We would expect creation to continue on day 1 of the following week (either on Earth or somewhere else).
I believe his rest was interrupted.
I believe the evidence will show that Elohim’s rest day has not yet ended!
Is It Still Elohim’s Day Off?
I believe it is still Elohim’s day off, and I will present some subtle and not so subtle Biblical clues for this, but first let me state my hypothesis:
Beginning in Genesis chapter 2, Elohim’s rest day is introduced. He rests on the seventh day from creating. For some time things continue to be “very good”. Mankind (male and female) are dominating all of God’s creation, they are increasing in population and filling the Earth (literally moving into all lands). The Garden of Eden and the Adam of that garden are yet to be created. Then something happens…something that will interrupt the resting on Elohim’s Sabbath. Mankind falls into a “pit”. Mankind needs to be rescued. YHWH (the Almighty) comes to the rescue (redemption). YHWH’s creation of the Adam of the garden (and Eve), was His first step in the redemption of mankind.
The fall of mankind (not to be confused with the fall of the Adam of the garden), has to do with them coming under the domination of wicked sons of God (disobedient heavenly creatures/the ancient pantheon of gods/”ancient aliens”), and later their offspring (Nephilim/demigods). These disobedient sons of God are spoken of in Genesis Chapter 6, in the Jewish apocryphal Book of Enoch, and within many ancient myths. Men had gone from dominating their own domains to being dominated by wicked “gods”. The myths from virtually all ancient cultures have their origin in reality.
Gen 6:1-6 shows some sons of God were rebellious (prior to and in the days of Noah). I believe this rebellion began before Adam (the Adam of Genesis chapter 2). In the book of Daniel, sons of God are referred to as holy watchers (Dan 4:13, 17, 23). It appears these sons of God had a commission to watch over mankind, but at some point, they stepped into man’s world and presented themselves as “gods” to be served and worshiped. This was heaven coming down to Earth in a way that was never intended to be!
YHWH Elohim (the Father/the Almighty Head), plans to rectify the situation; to redeem mankind from their fallen state. YHWH implements his rescue, initially, by means of the Adam of Genesis chapter 2. He implements his plan or “word” during His interrupted Sabbath day. He plans this rescue to come through the specially created Adam. God desired to use Adam for two things: to teach men that worship must be directed to YHWH alone, and to help men come out from under the domination of the wicked sons of God. Likely YHWH was training Adam to be a Melchizedek (a righteous king). The first step in this process would be to teach Adam the proper way to “have dominion” (care for the land and animals), so He placed him in a beautiful garden; He taught him to “dress it and keep it”. YHWH taught him to observe and name the animals; to care for the plants. Adam was made to live much longer than ordinary men. Adam’s offspring were to also have the potential to live very long. Adam (and Eve, who was soon to come) were genetically different/superior. Were Adam and his offspring meant to be long living righteous kings and priests (Melchizedeks)? Were they (with YHWH’s help) to bring mankind into communion with YHWH, and draw them out from under the servitude of the wicked sons of Elohim (the ancient pantheon)?
It would seem Adam was able to have direct communication with YHWH since he was able to understand instructions on how to “dress and keep” the garden (Gen 2:15); he understood the command to not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, and the accompanying warning of death if he did eat (this showed he was to rely on communication with YHWH for the knowledge his commission would require). He also understood YHWH’s desire to have him name the animals. He recognized the sound of YHWH’s presence (Gen 3:8). He grew in the wisdom of good; his training with YHWH in the garden would soon qualify him to be a redeemer for his close kin (mankind). While Adam studied and named the animals, he noticed he did not have a mate like all the others. Of course, YHWH had already planned to make a mate for Adam, and some time after Adam realized his need for a mate, YHWH presented her to him. Adam responds…
“At last!” … “This one is bone from my bone and flesh from my flesh! She will be called ‘woman,’ because she was taken from ‘man.'”– New Living Translation
They Were not Ashamed
Although Adam and his wife were naked, they were not ashamed of their reproductive organs. Adam knew the woman had been made from him; he knew they could produce offspring together since he had been studying and naming the animals and had longed for a mate of his own. Likely, they did not wait long to consummate their marriage.
When they sinned (by eating the forbidden fruit) the YHWH’s solution was delayed. Adam forever lost the privilege to be mankind’s redeemer, but a promise was given to Eve that the redeemer would come in the future; the redeemer would be a descendant of Eve; the “seed of the woman” (Gen 3:15).
Things progressed to such a bad state that God was forced to take drastic action by means of a flood (Gen 6:7). This flood removed most of these wicked hybrid offspring from the land as well as the people who refused to heed Noah’s warning (2Pe 2:4-5). The ark that Noah built preserved Noah, his wife, his three sons, his son’s wives, and all kinds of animals from the area where Noah lived. The land was completely flooded 15 cubits above the low mountains of the Ancient Near East; the Earth was not flooded 15 cubits above Everest; people (in other lands) survived the flood (more on this in another article).
It was said that he could live forever if he was allowed to continue eating from the Tree of Life. That was why he was banished from the garden when he willfully ate the forbidden fruit (Gen 3:6) and eventually died (Gen 3:22-24). God promises to bring another savior. One that will be a descendant of Adam’s wife Eve (Gen 3:15). This one was to crush the head of the one who whispered lies to Eve; the one who originally disturbed God’s rest. Eve initially believed her son Able was the promised one; when Able died, she believed Seth replaced him (Gen 4:25). When Seth died it became apparent the promised one would be a future descendant. The promised replacement for Adam finally came through God’s only begotten son Jesus. The Adam, whom we know as the “first Adam”, is formed from the “dust of the earth”, on God’s rest day. YHWH plans to pull mankind from “the pit”, on HIS Sabbath, by means of Adam, Able, Seth…Enoch…Noah…Abraham…Jesus; he is the “the last Adam” (1 Cor 15:45). With the exception of Genesis chapter 1, the entire Bible is the record of God’s interrupted Sabbath, and what must be done to restore His rest, and for humans to “enter into God’s rest” (read Hebrews chapter 4). This is why Jesus mostly healed on the Sabbath day. He was showing us the Father by his actions…
Jesus answered: “Don’t you know me, Philip, even after I have been among you such a long time? Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father'”? (John 14:9)
The man went away and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had healed him. And this was why the Jews were persecuting Jesus because he was doing these things on the Sabbath. But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am working.” (John 5:15-17)
Jesus gave them this answer: “Very truly I tell you, the Son can do nothing by himself; he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does.” (John 5:19)
- Now it was a Sabbath day when Jesus made the mud and opened his eyes. (John 9:14)
And behold there was a man with a withered hand. They asked him, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath day?” that they might accuse him. (Matthew 12:10)
He said to them, “What man is there among you, who has one sheep, and if this one falls into a pit on the Sabbath day, won’t he grab on to it, and lift it out? Of how much more value then is a man than a sheep! Therefore, it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath day.” (Matthew 12:11,12)
They watched him, whether he would heal him on the Sabbath day, that they might accuse him. (Mark 3:2)
He said to them, “Is it lawful on the Sabbath day to do good, or to do harm? To save a life, or to kill?” But they were silent. (Mark 3:4)
When the Sabbath had come, he began to teach in the synagogue, and many hearing him were astonished, saying, “Where did this man get these things?” and, “What is the wisdom that is given to this man, that such mighty works come about by his hands?” (Mark 6:2)
- The ruler of the synagogue, being indignant because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath, said to the multitude, “There are six days in which men ought to work. Therefore, come on those days and be healed, and not on the Sabbath day!” Therefore, the Lord answered him, “You hypocrites! Doesn’t each one of you free his ox or his donkey from the stall on the Sabbath, and lead him away to water? Ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan had bound eighteen long years, be freed from this bondage on the Sabbath day?” (Luke 13:14-16)
- He answered them, “Which of you if your son or an ox fell into a well, wouldn’t immediately pull him out on a Sabbath day?” (Luke 14:5)
- Immediately, the man was made well, and took up his mat and walked. Now it was the Sabbath on that day. (John 5:9)
- If a boy receives circumcision on the Sabbath, that the law of Moses may not be broken, are you angry with me, because I made a man completely healthy on the Sabbath? (John 7:23)
We see in all these scriptures Jesus is healing on the Sabbath, which he says is in imitation of his Father. When criticized for working/healing on the Sabbath, he basically says, my Father is working on His Sabbath so why shouldn’t I? – (John 5:15-17) Jesus likens his healing work to rescuing a living thing from a pit. Nobody would wait until a work day when a life is at stake!
Jesus taught a man’s Sabbath could and should be interrupted to save life. This implies the Father, whom Jesus emulates, has interrupted His Sabbath for the saving of mankind.
I believe that Jesus (Yeshua), whose name means “YHWH saves” (see Mat 1:21), is the primary “sent one” of his Father, the foremost or firstborn of all creation (John 3:17, 5:36, 38, 6:29,57, 7:29, 8:42, 10:36, 11:42, 17:3,8,18,21,23,25, 20:21). That he (Jesus) was begotten by God in Mary, and (at the time of his baptism) was sent to rescue mankind. The initial step in this process was the forming of Adam, Jesus’ ancestor (Luke 3:23-38), by YHWH Elohim (of Genesis chapter 2).
Adam Wasn’t the First Man on Earth?
The answer is really quite obvious. Anthropologists tell us that modern humans have been around for perhaps 200,000 years or so. Even if they are not completely accurate on their estimate, it seems obvious that men and women have been around for much longer than Adam, Eve and their descendants. This is why there are two “creation accounts” in the Bible. The first account, mankind is created male and female (simultaneously) during the sixth creative day. Mankind was given the task of filling the Earth and subduing it; they were to have all other creation under their dominion. This was accomplished during the sixth day (which should tell us it was much longer than 24 hours) because by the end of that sixth day God inspected the work and stated things were “very good”. This means the Earth was filled with men and women, who were dominating the rest of creation. This is in agreement with anthropology which teaches that mankind spread out from Africa and eventually throughout the whole world. According to anthropologists, this migration happened over tens of thousands of years. Over time men became adapted to various climates. This has been proven by examining the DNA of all the world’s races. This very long process of multiplying and filling the Earth all happened near the end of that sixth creative day. Many have used the scientific evidence (of mankind multiplying and filling the Earth) to refute the Bible, but it is in total agreement with the creation account in Genesis Chapter 1.
I’ve included the below video, not because I agree 100% with Spencer Wells’ research, but to show we can seriously consider the scientific evidence without compromising our faith in the Bible (if we have the correct interpretation).
After viewing the above video, you may ask yourself, “Why didn’t Spencer Wells find a separate human family tree that terminated with the Adam of Genesis Chapter 2 around 6000 years ago?” I will discuss my hypothesis for this in another article.
The second creation account occurs during God’s rest day and is recorded in Genesis Chapter 2. The only reason He would interrupt his rest day is to rescue life (more on this later). You’ll notice that God never commands the Adam of Genesis Chapter 2 to multiply and fill the Earth; God has another purpose for Adam.
In Elohim’s six work days, he developed a world which was said to be “exceedingly good” (Gen 1:31). He then proceeds to rest on the seventh day. I believe it is still His Sabbath today, but His rest has been somewhat interrupted by an enemy. The reader should notice the concluding statement about His Sabbath is missing in the creation week account. It has not yet been stated that the seventh day was good (this is because the seventh day has not yet ended). God is creating a new order (heavens and earth) during his rest day. He began by creating Adam and is bringing it to completion through his son Jesus Christ (Col 1:16, John 1:3). The “New World” is not a literal planet, and the new heavens are not a literal universe, but a renewed arrangement; the earth represents those who are governed, and the heavens represent those who are governing. This is the “kingdom of the heavens” that Jesus spoke so often about! This is what the entire remainder of the Bible is about, the heavens and the earth created within Elohim’s one rest day. The bringing about of the kingdom of God!
Genesis chapter 2 verses 1, 2 and 3, conclude the creation account. We get a picture of God in peace with his feet on his foot stool. He is resting, but something is missing… We have yet to read the statement that his rest day ends “good”.
The very next verse (many have thought to be a concluding statement) is actually an introduction to the rest of the Bible. God is stepping in personally to rescue his creation, which just a short time ago, was “exceedingly good”. For the very first time, the personal name (hwhy) is revealed, and this same verse promises us a list of personal names (of humans) that will be part of the restored heavens and earth!
Gen 2:4 These are the generations [a genealogy] of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that YHWH made the earth and the heavens,
Please notice two things in the above scripture:
- We are promised a genealogy (a family history)
- We are told about a heaven and earth that are made in one day; not a heaven and earth created in 6 days!
This one day is God’s Sabbath, during which the heavens and earth will be re-created or renewed/restored, but what is this genealogy, these generations, this family history?…
Below is an excerpt from Strong’s Concordance, which comments on the word translated generations in the above scripture…
From H3205; (plural only) descent, that is, family; (figuratively) history: – birth, generations.
Total KJV occurrences: 39
As you can see it occurs 39 times, yet this first occurrence is the only time it is not accompanied by a genealogy, a family history. Why? Why are we not given this genealogy, this family history? Of the 38 other times the word toledah appears in scripture, 37 times it is immediately followed by a family history. In the case of Jacob (Gen 37:2… Gen 46:8), his family history is interrupted but eventually given. So again we must ask…”Why is this first genealogical list missing?” Where is it? What is it?
The Bible does contain many of these names. The first name on the list is Adam; he is part of God’s family. The last name is yet to be added; that is why the list is missing! Today the list is still being added to. All who believe Jesus is the son of God, that he died and was raised from the dead, can be adopted into God’s family (Rom 8:15, 8:23, 9:4, 11:17-25, Gal 4:5, Eph 1:5). The missing family genealogy is the Book of Life (more on this in another article)! Will our names be in it?
Of course, if you continue to read Genesis Chapter 2 more questions will arise. I plan to answer these in an upcoming article.
I’ve introduced the idea that YHWH’s Sabbath is much longer than 24 hours; that it is still ongoing; that it may continue for millions of years. The writer of the book of Hebrews knew that God is still resting. He devoted all of Chapter 4 to this topic. He pointed out that believers have the hope to enter into God’s rest. If YHWH’s Sabbath can be millions of years long, then so can the other creative days. There is no reason for scientific evidence to undermine or faith in the Bible and our hope in a savior! As scientific knowledge has increased, religious teachers have clung to incomplete/flawed interpretations of the Bible; this has only served to undermine confidence in the Bible and weaken people’s faith.
My hope is that this article has been a boost to your faith in God and the scriptures, or that it has made an inroad to this faith where there was none before, or that it has returned you to a road you were previously on.